|Indian Mythology (by ApamNapat)|
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Martanda is another name for the sun god Surya, who is also known as Vivasvant. He is one of the Adityas, or sons of Aditi. His name literally means 'dead-egg'. According to [R.V.10.72], he is the eigth son of Aditi, who she cast away (presumably because he was dead). Later, she brought him back to life and to die again.
In later texts, Martanda is exclusively identified with Surya and Vivasvant. For e.g. [Maha:1.75], B.P..
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